Home schooling plays a vital role in terms of educating a child before he enters school environment. “I have never let my schooling interfere with my education” says Mark Twain. According to him, the most important lessons of life begins right from the home. Besides showering love, environmental learning at home is crucial for development, and academic learning in school further fuel the process. Modern education approaches to Montessori home schooling is one of the advance steps towards good educational training in early phase of a child’s life. For the fact that such methods develop self awareness while directing child according to his age requirements for sound growth and development, more awareness about effective Montessori methods is being widely spread. Lack of complete knowledge however, deprive guardians from using correct methods to guide child.
Having appropriate knowledge about Montessori home schooling methods can shape a child’s growth and development graph. Adapting such methods is imperative for parents to avoid any obstacles in their child’s overall well being as well. So, if you fall in the category of such parents who are willing to get familiar with Montessori home schooling questions. We will assist you in answering almost all significant questions related to it.
Let us begin with the basic question, Who is Montessori? What are Montessori methods?
In early nineteen century, Maria Montessori was born in Italy. Being an enthusiastic Italian, she always wanted to get into dramatics but to establish strong career, she rather focused on education. Her immense inclination towards educating herself encouraged her to earn Doctorate degree which was prohibited for women. It was Maria’s struggle and intelligence, that not only allowed her to earn higher education, but in fact she became an inspiration for many other women as well. She continued purposeful education and discovered many theories. Through her research work on human tendencies, Dr. Maria understood aspects of growth and development, which she implemented on children with disabilities. The result of observation method based on free play and directing child according to his tendencies in prescribed learning environment was impressive.
Her ‘Aid to life’ description to early childhood education, under long period of concentration on determined work with physical as well as mental involvement, delivered positive changes in children. Without stressing capabilities rather offering fun environment, is the principles on which Montessori methods of education are based upon. According to Montessori curriculum, the objective of schooling in crucial phase of a child’s life must focus on real learning, growth and development aspects than on academic objectives. She focused on general life and mastering cognitive, language, mental, moral, emotional development through sense training and activities in Montessori- type learning environment in the home as well as in school.
Home schooling and pre-school education is important as per her ideologies. After the introduction of Montessori methods, many educationists and researchers worked on these principles. Conclusion about such methods is an assortment of techniques which can be conjoined with other approaches. Today, many pre-schools are following her ideologies but may not imitating them religiously. Traits of modernity however, can be seen in Montessori methods considered by schools nowadays. For instance, practical life and sensorial materials used in Montessori classroom are way more different than those used hundred years ago by Dr. Maria herself.
Another imperative question that parents ask is at what age home schooling should start? According to Maria Montessori, a child’s learning period begins within womb and from 0-3 years his senses are strong. By the time he become a little more mature and learn to socialize, he reaches 3 years of age which is an ideal age for home schooling before letting the child go in school or academic environment. Implementing Montessori ideas in home should be very simple yet effective on child’s growth and development. Play way activities, such as art and craft, language training, meal preparation, cleaning, gardening, caring for belongings, sense training, etc are small – small steps that can allow child to think logically, make intelligent decisions, and develop habits at very crucial age.
The reason why focus is always on ‘crucial phase’ of the child is because during this period, what a child adopt stays with him life long. That is why, providing opportunities for independence to the child is imperative to not only boost self-confidence but to make him aware of self and environment. Like Montessori teachers in pre-schools do, parents at home can too guide the child according his propensity by enriching his experiences through introduction of environment which is filled with cultural, scientific and artistic materials. Home schooling should be enjoyable and cooperative instead of imposing ‘anything or everything’ on child. Letting the child overcoming obstacles and correcting him through reward and punishment treatment is a skill that parent need to adapt in order to bring positive improvement in child by the time he attain proper schooling. Thus, Montessori home schooling methods polishes child’s capabilities to explore, experiment and experience the journey of life, that goes through various phases.